Are Millennials the Dumbest Generation?

A recent report from Educational Testing Service argues that millennials are falling behind students in other nations.  Specifically, the study argues that demonstrate lower literacy and arithmetic skills than in other countries.  Even accounting for other factors such as income, the ETS researchers found Americans scoring poorly.  This begs the question:  Are millennials the dumbest generation?

Nearly every generation thinks the one following them is performing poorly.  However, millennials get dumped on at an alarming rate.  We all know the critiques.



Uninterested in politics and government.

Are millennials the most narcissistic generation?

The Greatest Generation saved the world in World War II.  Millennials can’t be bothered to look up from their phones.

In many ways, the ETS report picks up on these arguments, but also calls out colleges for not educating students on the skills necessary for the workplace.

However, I would argue the problem isn’t with millennials or colleges, but rather the expectations and pressures put on students and colleges.

It may seem counterintuitive, but I would argue that the emphasis on vocationalism and going to college to get a job has made students less prepared for work.  Students are so focused on learning the knowledge and skills to succeed in the workplace that they often don’t want to take or ignore courses that lead to their broad intellectual development.

This is most obvious in general education courses that should help students learn to think, write, and speak.  Instead of using these courses to learn these valuable skills that benefit them in work and life, students try to find courses that will check multiple boxes.

And colleges are almost as bad with departments wanting to use the courses to recruit more majors knowing that is where they get rewarded.

The reality is that college should teach you how to learn, think, and process information.  As a professor, I am worried far less about preparing students for their first jobs.  The first job is important, but it will not ultimately determine a student’s success.

I want to make sure that we are preparing students for careers that we don’t even know exist yet.  Jobs that will be created over the next 20, 30 or 40 years.  I have no idea what those jobs will look like, but I know if a students can speak, write, and think that they will be prepared.

Debates about vocationalism and the liberal arts are as old as higher education in this country.  Whether fighting over teaching in Latin or English or preparing students with job skills for the 21st century, students, families, and colleges will continue to struggle with the balance between learning for learning and learning for job.

We are in a period of hyper-vocationalism that in many ways parallels what higher education looked like immediately following World War II.  Eventually that period of vocationalism gave way to the curricular expansion that took place in the 1960s.  As they say, this too shall pass.  Yet, I worry what the rhetoric around the millennial generation will do to their long term success.  Already, this generation has had to grow up in the shadow of September 11th and the war on terror while at the same time facing a long term economic decline.  Stagnating wages, lower home ownership, and the challenge of the global economy is all this generation as known.

Are Millennials the dumbest generation?  I think the question is an insult, yet this generation has faced insult after insult.  From a K-12 education system that has focused on teaching them to fill out bubbles to college that has become increasingly expensive thanks to a decline of public financial support, this generation has proven to be resilient.

Sure, they might benefit from taking a break from their phones once in a while or sharing a little less on social media.  Yet, I have great faith in this generation that shows success in spite of the challenges and in spite of the way they are talked about by older generations.  Given the state of our world politically, socially, and economically, I think we ought to give them a shot.  Can they do any worse?


The Texas Standard, a news program sponsored by Texas public radio stations, interviewed me for a story about the ETS report.  You can hear the story here.

Planning Physical Space and Higher Education

Today, organizations understand the important synergy between physical space, work, and culture.  Physical space proves pivotal in supporting the work of faculty and students.  In this post, I want to share an excerpt from an article that appeared in Planning for Higher Education.  I co-authored it a few years ago with my colleague, Karri Holley.  The article explores how research universities plan for interdisciplinary work.  This section describes how space, work, and organizational culture interact with one another and how this can prove useful in fulfilling the mission of higher education.

MIT’s Stata Center. Photo credit: jpellgen

Time for Business to Head Back to College

President Obama has touted the administration’s efforts to shake up higher education by seeking to create measureable goals for higher education in areas such as affordability, value, and student outcomes. The push for quantifiable goals mirrors longtime critiques from business and industry leaders that universities should “run like a business.”

Photo credit: FoxingClever

In reality, the opposite is true.

The Five Advantages of Teaching with Discussions

I once joked in class that I was a one trick pony when teaching so I hope they like discussions because that’s all we were going to be doing.  I believe in the power of discussions particularly when teaching graduate students.  Since the days of Socrates, the value of teaching using probing questions has served to help students learn and develop critical thinking skills.  In today’s post, I will detail the five advantages of teaching with discussions.

There are many different types of discussions.  From whole class discussions to small group ones, discussions present many advantages when teaching.  Specifically, I believe there are five advantages that make discussions a valued approach for teaching college students.

Use the Bucket Method to Write Effective Literature Reviews

Writing a literature may be one of the most difficult aspects of academic writing. When I think back to my own dissertation or doctoral students that I’ve worked with, some of the greatest struggles were tied to the lit review. I believe there are many reasons for this. We all have a tendency to want to read more and more feeling like we never have a full grasp on everything that’s out there. There’s always one more article or book. Additionally, the genre of the lit review is so different from much of the writing that we are exposed to going through school. In fact, I would argue that many of the ways we learn to write cause problems when it comes to writing literature reviews. Over the years, I’ve come up with a method that I use for writing lit reviews and I want to share how you can use the bucket method to write better literature reviews.

Photo credit: Niels Linneberg

Once you have identified the topic for your literature review, you are ready to use the bucket method.